The handpan remains to be younger which suggests it’s removed from being a standardized artwork type. There are many artisans making their very own model of the PANArt Hold utilizing various supplies, instruments and methods. As you may think about, the outcomes are vastly totally different.
It’s truthful to say all handpans look roughly the identical: two bowls of metal mounted at their circumference. However appears to be like could be deceiving. So what makes a great handpan?
I’m not a handpan maker so this isn’t meant to be a technical article. However since 2006, I’ve had the prospect to play lots of of various handpans and I’ve discovered a factor or two about what makes handpans particular. Right here we go.
1:2:3 handpan Tuning
An important high quality in a handpan is the tuning of its notes. Every notice needs to be tuned to a particular pitch, inside the outlined scale of the instrument. Along with the elemental, the maker will tune 2 extra overtones (or harmonics) into every handpan notice based mostly on a 1:2:3 ratio.
As an illustration, if the elemental notice is 220Hz (A3), the primary harmonic is twice that frequency at 440Hz (A4) and the second harmonic is tree occasions that frequency at 660Hz (E5). In western music concept, that corresponds the octave and the compound fifth of the notice: A3, A4, E5.
Felix & Sabina of PANArt generally bent that 1:2:3 ratio (basic, octave, fifth) by tuning a minor third because the second harmonic. In that case, our A3 basic would nonetheless have an A4 (octave) as first harmonic however a C#5 (minor third as an alternative of fifth) as second harmonic. Many Hold sound fashions made between 2000 and 2006 have a number of notes with a minor third harmonic. In truth, it has turn into a ‘sound signature’ for these 1st Era Hanghang (plural of Hold).
Sure handpan makers additionally tune rim tones (or shoulder tones) into the border of the middle notice of the handpan. Rim tones are very tough to regulate so there is no such thing as a normal tuning ratio, at the very least to my information. However notice what this implies… A handpan notice can include a complete of 5 totally different pitches, activating harmoniously…
Now, it’s one factor to tune a handpan “completely” but it it one other to tune it “artfully”. Not not like piano tuners, handpan tuners should grasp the “artwork of mixing”. So as to obtain the best handpan sound, a maker may have to depart sure harmonics a bit flat and others a bit sharp. These are seemingly imperfections however they make all of the distinction between a great handpan and an important one! If you’re all for studying extra, take heed to episode 5 of The handpan Podcast about this subject.
Most handpans are tuned to the usual pitch (A4 = 440Hz) like most western devices. However it’s doable to tune a handpan to 432Hz as an example. So long as your handpan is tuned to itself, it ought to sound good. That is, by the way in which, an concept that PANArt explored with the Free Integral Hold which was not set to 440Hz. Please notice that handpans tuned to 432Hz can’t be performed with most different devices, tuned to 440Hz.
Lastly, handpan makers may tune the Helmholtz to a notice inside the scale by controlling the within depth and width of their handpan. When taking part in the middle notice, air is being pushed down the chamber and thru the neck of the port. This produces a deep and highly effective bass notice (ideally the octave under the middle notice) which could be additional modulated by obstructing the port along with your knees. Strive it!
Absence of Undesirable Cross-Discuss
The most effective handpans function glorious notice isolation, or the absence of cross-talk between the notes. In different phrases, you must be capable to play one notice on a handpan with out it activating different close by notes. The “useless house” between notes known as the interstitial. It’s wanted to get a transparent sound out of every notice, as it’s performed. That is notably essential if two close by notice are solely a half-step from one another. If there may be cross-talk, it’s going to sound dissonant.
Typically talking, the extra notes on a handpan the extra interferences between these notes. That’s the reason among the greatest makers construct handpans with not more than 8 or 9 notes on the highest shell of the instrument (equivalent to Pantheon Metal, CFoulke or Symphonic Metal). And whereas this will likely look like a limitation at first, their resolution is aligned with the unique intent of the Hold. The outcome: fewer notes however higher sound!
There’s nonetheless a great form of cross-talk known as sympathy. As we noticed earlier, every handpan notice comprises 3 frequencies: the elemental, the octave and the fifth (or minor third) and several other notes throughout your handpan share that very same frequencies. As an illustration, the E5 notice is discovered each in an A3 notice (of which it’s the compound fifth) and in an E4 (of which it’s the octave). So taking part in one notice would possibly activate the opposite in a lovely means.
There are such a lot of different issues to think about when on the lookout for a handpan. Here is a brief checklist:
Scale: Main, minor or unique (extra information on scales right here)?
Register: Excessive or low-pitched? Deep or lyrical?
Maintain: Lengthy or brief? Meditative or percussive?
Timbre: Ceramic-like or extra metallic-sounding?
Materials: Uncooked metal, nitrided metal, chrome steel, powder coated?
Diameter: 19″, 20″ 21″ 22″?
Aesthetic: Polished or matte?
Geometry: Apex (outward) or inpex (inward)?
For extra on this, I like to recommend studying PANArt’s e-book which talks concerning the 7 sources of richness of sound.
Properly, I hope these suggestions will enable you discover an important handpan. In truth, I am proud to accomplice with trusted handpan makers to supply their devices on the market immediately on this web site. Click on right here to view the devices out there proper now, beginning at $1,199. A number of handpan scales out there! (comfortable, melancholic & unique)